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CLIMATE

CLIMATE


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Nature’s promise – a rainbow appears following a day time rain.
Periodic droughts create a feast and famine trend that has profound effects on agriculture and the prosperity of the local population.
General information
Because of its size, the Indonesian archipelago has a wide range of climates with numerous micro-climates produced by the nation’s diverse landscape, including snow-capped equatorial mountain tops in Papua (Irian Jaya).

Close to the equator, Indonesia tends to have a fairly even climate year round with little extremes differentiating winter from summer.

Climate in Nusa Tenggara and West Manggarai
West Manggarai’s climate can be classified as tropical and semi-arid. The local landscape is hilly and mountainous resulting in many natural fluctuations in altitude. Because of this versatility of landscape, average data regarding temperature and precipitation have limited applicability.

There are two basic seasons: the wet season (November to March) and the dry season (April to October).

The climate on surrounding islands and Flore’s coastline tends to be arid, with a low average annual rainfall. West Manggarai is influenced by monsoonal winds. The dry southeast monsoon wind dries up the landscape during the months from April to October. During the resulting dry season there are often droughts, particularly on coast areas and islands. The northwesterly monsoon winds blow from November through March and bring with them large amounts of rain.

Higher elevations are often wrapped in fogs or clouds and are extremely humid. In these hilly regions the temperature is lower than near the coast.The night time temperature drops  with an average of 0.5° per 100 m of increase altitude.

The dry season in Nusa Tenggara is more prolonged and severe than in other parts of Indonesia. The resulting droughts make water supply problematic in many parts of West Manggarai.

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Average annual precipitation levels in West Manggarai.

Holiday season

  • Water supplies may prove problematic during the dry season (April to October)
  • During the rainy season from November to March the sea state conditions will be elevated, with occasional large waves
  • Unpaved roads may become impassable during the rainy season
  • Average temperature at sea level is 26° C. This decreases 0.5° C per 100 m increase in elevation as your travel inland to higher elevations
  • Air humidity can often be higher than 90%
  • On the arid coast lines as well as on the islands, the night time temperatures cool down only slightly
  • Due to equatorial proximity, the length of the days varies little throughout the year. Sunrise is approximately at 6:00 a.m. and sunset at 6:00 p.m. every day throughout the year
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The average humidity and rainfail recorded at NTT's capital of Kupang, which is dryer than West Manggarai