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Sano Nggoang volcanic crater lake, West Flores , located only 35 km from Labuan Bajo

Village children living on the shores of Sano Nggoang are always eager to welcome visitors
The shoreline at Sano Nggoang

General information:
  • Located approximately 35 km east of Labuan Bajo
  • Thought to be one of the deepest volcanic crater lakes in the world with recorded depths of 500 meter. Its waters are sulfuric and fed by numerous hot springs
  • Surroundings:
    • Rural. Agricultural society
    • Traditional villages, rich in local culture
More Information about the geology in general
More Information about the geography in general 

A coffee break at a local warung found on the scenic walk to the lake.


No local guides operate from Sano Nggoang. Guide services should be organized before your departure from Labuan Bajo. Remarkably simple and untouched by modern life, the lake area offers the following experiences for eco tourism visitors:

  • Hiking and trekking
  • Swimming
  • Therapeutic soaks in local hot springs
  • Bike tours (if you bring your own bike or rent one in Labuan Bajo)
  • Local horse excursions along the shoreline
  • Nature tours:
        Bird watching.
        Flora and Fauna explorations
  • Agricultural insights:
        Traditional cultivation and irrigation systems
        Care and propagation of domesticated animals.
        Cultivation of cash crops in combination with traditional crops
  • Culture
        Local handicrafts
        Village traditions, dances and local traditional ceremonies
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 Local horses are available for rides along the lake’s shoreline
Bamboo forest near the lake. Bamboo is widely used for the constructions of the traditional houses

How to get there:
  • Located approximately 35 km east of Labuan Bajo, in the direction of Ruteng
  • Best accessed by car or on a rented motorcycle
  • By local Ojek transport (motorcycle taxi) or Bemo (local public buses).

The recommended means of visiting the lake is in the company of a local driver and guide.

Follow the main road from Labuan Bajo to Ruteng. At the crossroads after approximately 35 km turn right in the direction of Werang. The distance from the intersection to Werang is approximately 10.5 km and it is a further 16.5 km from Werang to the actual lake shore. Please note that the road condition is poor beginning from the main road’s intersection and can be difficult to pass during the rainy season.

If you’re traveling by local transport, it is recommended that you take an Ojek (motorbike taxi) in Werang for the remaining distance to the lake. Please note that local buses do not operate with fixed schedules.

Those seeking exercise should hike the 16.5 km from Werang to the lake. This is a picturesque trek taking about three to five hours from Werang to the village of Nunang at the lake, with the path passing small local communities along the way.


Topographic map showing the area between Werang and the Sano Nggoang crater lake
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Hot springs near the village of Nunang.

Please note that there are little or no tourism facilities to be found in the area of Sano Nggoang. There are no restaurants or accommodations in operation. Information on local attractions and, perhaps, accommodation options can be obtained from the Catholic priest at Nunang.

Numbered among the highlights of this area are numerous local trails for hiking and visits to the village of Nunang. Local guides in Labuan Bajo are familiar with this area, seldom visited due to the poor road conditions.


 A view of the hills surrounding Sano Nggoang Lake

If you are undertaking a two-day trip to the lake, including a stop at the Cunca Rami waterfall is highly recommended. From Werang it takes you more or less one hour to walk to the Cunca Rami waterfall